PROCESS OF JOINING / INSTALLATION / SEALING OF POLY SHEETS AND TYPE OF EQUIPMENTS / MACHINERY USED
Polythene or polyethylene sheetsare commonly used as a damp-proof membrane in construction sites, for all butsevere conditions of dampness.
Where site conditions are reasonably dry and clean, the overlap joints between the sheets are sealed with masticor mastic tape between the overlapping sheets and completed with a polythene joining tape.For this lapped joint to be successful the sheets must be dry and clean, else, the jointing tape will not adhere to thesurface of the sheets. As clean and dry conditions on a building site are rare, this type of joint should be only used where it is unlikely to have heavy absorption of ground moisture.
Where site conditions are too wet to use mastictape, the joint is made by the overlapping sheets with a double welding fold. This fold is kept in place by weighing it down with bricks or securing it with tape. The double weld is formed by folding the edges ofsheets together and then making a welding which is flattened.
The plastic sheet is effectively impossible to fold because of its stiffness and elasticity.It always tends to unfold so itrequires a deal of patience to fold, hold in place and then contrive to fold along the joint. By using the maximumsize of sheet available it is possible to minimise the number of joints.
At the internal angle of walls, a cut is made in the sheet to facilitate making an overlap of sheet at corners.These sheets which are commonly used as a damp-proof membrane will serve as an effective barrier to risingdamp,provided they are not punctured or displaced during subsequent building operations.
We use Automatic Sealing/Combi-wedge welding machines with step-less adjustable temperature and drivemanufactured by M/s Leister Technologies, Switzerland, as also hand sealing machines for welding joints and crossoverlaps.The above state of the art hot air blow sealing machine weighs approx. 6.5 kgs and operateson a voltage of 220-230 volts.The temperature of the machine is digitally controlled with a max. heating upto 600 deg.C.